It is the role of Victoria Police to investigate crime.
To do this, the police generally take statements from witnesses and victims and collect evidence, which may be used in the prosecution.
Statements may be taken from the victim of the crime and from other people who may know something about the incident. Evidence may include physical objects taken from the crime scene, which are called exhibits.
When the police have collected enough information, they will arrest and charge the person they believe committed the crime. The person is then required to appear in court.
Where the accused person has committed less serious offences, the matter will be heard in the Magistrates’ Court and the police act as prosecutors. These crimes are called summary offences.
Where the accused person has committed serious offences (‘indictable’ offences), the matter will be heard in the County Court or the Supreme Court. An Office of Public Prosecutions' (OPP) solicitor and a barrister engaged by the OPP will be responsible for prosecuting the crime in court. The information collected by the police is given to the OPP to use in court.
Further information on investigating crime, including reporting a crime and making a statement, can be found on the Victims of Crime website.